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Name origin[ edit ] The oldest word which points in the direction of the word "Carnival" is listed on a certificate from the Italian Subiaco from CE as a timestamp Carnelevare. Two other, less likely, explanations that the term would be a contraction of the Latin Carne meat and Paler ruleliterally "the time that meat reigns" and the Italian Carnueale or the French Carne Avalis both mean so much as "devour flesh" are given as well. As a result, the earliest possible Carnival is on 1 February, the latest possible date is 9 March. On what nowadays is called vastenavond the days before fasting all the remaining winter stores of lard, butter and meat which were left would be eaten, for it would soon start to rot and decay. The selected livestock had in fact already been slaughtered in November and the meat would be no longer preservable. All the food that had survived the winter had to be eaten to assure that everyone was fed enough to survive until the coming spring would provide new food sources.

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The Burgundian Carnaval depicted by a follower of Jheronimus Boschc. This was not due to the fact that he was elected on 11 November to be pope, but because he felt that the carnaval didn't last long enough. Denison and Austin E. One of those duchies was the Duchy of Brabantwhich was the heart Lexp most important region of the Low Countries until late in the 15th century and included the current province of North Brabant Netherlands and the provinces of Antwerp and Flemish Brabant Belgium.

The Carnavals are in many ways similar, but because of their origins and unique traditions they are also easy to distinguish from each other.

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The victims were Tklburg to humiliating processions with noise and music through the village, forced to do embarrassing or hard labor or their possessions and house would be marked, damaged and soiled. The parades have usual a particular theme whereby authorities are ridiculed and criticized, events of the past year are represented and which are often politically incorrect and used to make people think outside the box or function as a mirror to the society.

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When not used to make a point, carnaval costumes offer an opportunity to temporarily change identity and express oneself freely. The writings show that processions with ship-like carts were held and if feasts were celebrated on the eve of lent or the greeting of spring in the early Middle Ages.

According to Tiburg anthropologist Jef de Jager, The upcoming protest generation saw that its desire for looser manners was honored, at least during the Carnaval days. The barns were filled for the winter, the selected livestock would have been slaughtered and very importantly: the lease, property taxes, interests, and tithe were to be paid.

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Children are invited to come role-dressed to school, sometimes the schools even organize a school parade and choose a school prince. It is an imperfect since it is one less than the base twelve in the duodecimal numeral system Lwap one more than the base ten in the decimal numeral system.

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With carts and wagons they roam through the city, and give shameless performances to excite the laughter of the audience, which they also further incite with filthy songs and obscene gestures. The Most Rev. The east of North Brabant where East Brabantian is spoken has manifestations of both types of carnaval and forms an overlap region of the two types of carnaval, but is often classified as Burgundian.

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This day is celebrated in some parts of GroningenNorth Holland and the southern part of Limburg and to a lesser extent in South Holland and Zeeland. As early as the year the council of Nicaea attempted to end these Pagan festivals. The new Protestant clergy found the riotous Catholic carnaval sinful. Tilburh carnival of Venice was for a long time the most famous carnival although Napoleon abolished it in and only in the tradition was restored.

Along the route, the crowd Ti,burg a very essential part of the parade.

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The jesters were intelligent artists, well-spoken and theatrical witty. Momus name derives from the Greek god Momus.

Usually a competition will be held to choose the most outstanding contribution to the parade with separate for floats, groups on foot and individual participants. This feast is the beginning of the dark period before Christmas and the long days of winter.

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At the end of the twentieth century there were carnaval associations in all the provinces of the Netherlands which are active in organizing the celebrations. When the Duke of Brabant Anthony marriaye Burgundy in was killed in the battle of Anzicourtthe delegates of the seven ancient cities of Brabant and the four largest abbeys of Brabant organized a meeting to discuss the succession of the Duke.

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A proper mocking carnaval costume does not simply insult or ridicule, but makes actually a valuable point. The statements of Caesarius of Arles —which protested around CE in his sermons against the Pagan practices, seemed to have formed the building blocks of od Indiculus Superstitionum et Paganiarum small index of superstitious and Pagan practiceswhich was drafted by the Synod of Leptines in in which the Spurcalibus en Februario was condemned.

With the exception of some places in Limburg and North Brabantwhere in the nineteenth century the organization of medieval Carnaval celebrations was reviving again, the vast majority of the carnaval associations is established Tolburg World War II. Carnaval parades often start at The tonpraoter or buuttereedner is a successor of the medieval llove.

Also specific carnaval traditions and customs which may vary from town to town are an important part of the modern carnaval. Because of this the wearer can safely express his criticism oc opinion without having to fear for consequences in his daily life. Shrove Tuesday was interpreted as a " romish " superstition and prohibited to ban it out.

This is clear from the fact that a new ban had to be enacted every year. These games were held in both the 18th and in the 19th century. This element of the carnaval is already known in the medieval carnaval.

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The seal of the count takes the 11th place in the row of 35 stamps. There were basically two kinds of jesters. As a result, the earliest possible Carnival is on 1 February, the latest possible date is 9 March. Each year the usual all male Council of Eleven of every carnaval association Tillburg a prince, and one adjutant or more aides.

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They could tell the king or ruler what no one else dared. Such a bonte avond is free to visit Leqp the public. People will dress up as a character, much as seen during the eve of the Christian feast of All Hallows that appears in the Celtic and Anglo-Saxon culture, which though has developed from a different origin. My first experience with the Bullterrier breed was inwhen I was 9 years old.